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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2000a): study ZZ 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, 44 nations, early 1990's
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Summed opportunities
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index of
a. Political freedom
(assessed by inquiries among experts, which consider legislation and practice on 11 dimensions. Both civil and political rights are condensed in one score.)
b. Economic freedom:
Expert ratings of economic freedom in nations on four aspects:
- security of the money one has
- freedom to produce/consume what one wants
- freedom to keep what one earns
- freedom of exchange
(Condensed in one score)
c. Personal freedom
(Index of:
A Official limits in freedom of abortion
B Informal limits on freedom as apparent in public rejection or acceptance of:
    - divorce
    - abortion
    - sterilization
    - homo-sexuality
    - prostitution
    - suicide
    - euthanasia
(Condensed in one score)
a, b, c combined in one factor.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.67 p < .01 Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 46 nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.29 ns Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 46 nations controlled for wealth in nation O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.07 ns Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 20  nations with low capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.25 ns Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 20  nations with low capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.63 p < .01 Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 25 nations with high capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.44 ns Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 25 nations with high capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.12 ns Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 22 poor nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.45 p < .01 Average happiness by summed opportunities to choose in 25 rich nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a = Data on happiness taken from World Database of Happiness, collection Happiness in Nations