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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2000a): study ZZ 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, 44 nations, early 1990's
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
political freedom
Our Classification
Operationalization
Respect for rights is assessed by means of inquiries among experts, which consider legislation and practice on the following 11 dimensions.
Expert ratings on 11 item index of civil liberties: 1. Free and independent media, 2. Open public discussion, free private discussion, 3. Freedom of assembly and demonstration, 4. Freedom of political organization, 5. Equal law, nondiscriminatory judiciary, 6. Protection from political terror, 7. Free trade unions, effective collective bargening, 8. Free professional and other private organizations, 9. Free business, 10. Free religion, 11. Personal freedoms such as: gender equality, property rights, freedom of movement, choice of residence, choice of marriage and size of family.
Here both civil and political rights are condensed in one sumscore

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.39 p < .01 Average happiness by political freedom in 46 nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.16 ns Average happiness by political freedom in 46 nations controlled for wealth of nation O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.30 ns Average happiness by political freedom in 20  nations with low capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = -.21 ns Average happiness by political freedom in 20  nations with low capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.76 p < .01 Average happiness by po;itical freedom in 25 nations with high capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.64 p < .01 Average happiness by political freedom in 25  nations with high capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.29 ns Average happiness by political freedom in 22 poor nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.54 p < .01 Average happiness by political freedom in 25 rich nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a = Data on happiness taken from World Database of Happiness, collection Happiness in Nations