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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (2000a): study ZZ 1992

Public:
Adults, general public, 44 nations, early 1990's
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
economic freedom
Our Classification
Operationalization
Expert ratings of economic freedom in nations on four aspects:
a: security of the money one has
b: freedom to produce/consume what one wants
c: freedom to keep what one earns
d: freedom of exchange
Here a sumscore is used.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.69 p < .01 Average happiness by economic freedom in 46 nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.43 p < .01 Average happiness by economic freedom in 46 nations controlled for wealth of nation O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.77 p < .01 Average happiness by economic freedom in 20  nations with low capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.80 p < .01 Average happiness by economic freedom in 20  nations with low capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.34 ns Average happiness by economic freedom in 25  nations with high capability to choose O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = +.03 ns Average happiness by economic freedom in 25  nations with high capability to choose controlled for wealth in nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.74 p < .01 Average happiness by economic freedom in 22 poor nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.24 ns Average happiness by economic freedom in 25 rich nations O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a = Data on happiness taken from World Database of Happiness, collection Happiness in Nations