Correlational findings

Study Currie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001

11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
N = 162306
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Specially trained personnel, teachers and school nurses administered the completion of questionnaires in school classrooms.


Authors's Label
School experience
Our Classification
15 year olds only (N =50816)
not reported
Self report on seven questions:
A Liking school:How do you feel about school at present?
B academic achievement: In your opinion, what does your class teacher(s) think about your school performance compared to your classmates?
C Peer support was measured using three items:
* The students in my class(es) enjoy being together.
* Most of the students in my class(es) are kind and helpful.
* Other students accept me as I am.

D School pressure: How pressured do you feel by the schoolwork you have to do?

Classified as having
3 Positive
2 Middle school experience
1 negative school experience

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e D% = + % Happy    Girls Boys  Total
- Negative 53.0  63.4  57.6
- Middle   78.2  85.4  81.6
- Positive 93.4  94.7  94.0