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Correlational findings

Study Lepper (1998): study US California 1993

Public:
Retirees, Southern California, USA, followed 9 months199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 971
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Smoking habits
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on whether or not the subjects smokes cigarettes
0=no
1=yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL---mq-v-16-a t. = -2.8 p < .0059 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a t. = -2.3 p < .0256 M-AO---mqr-*-0-a t. = -2.8 p < .0419