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Correlational findings

Study Gundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999

Public:
18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10517
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Iceland: face to face 74%; by phone 26% in remote areas.

Correlate

Authors's label
Spending time with friends
Our Classification
Operationalization
Spend time with friends
4 Weekly
3 Once or twice
2 Only a few
1 Not at all

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Gs = +.13 p < .000 Gs's Controlled for:
- living in a stable relationship