print

Correlational findings

Study Gundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999

Public:
18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10517
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Iceland: face to face 74%; by phone 26% in remote areas.

Correlate

Authors's label
Norm for expressing extreme opinions
Our Classification
Operationalization
Percentage of the sample scoring 10 on 1-10 step questions about life-satisfaction and job-satisfaction
- low
- high

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a D% = + % very happy in nations where:
- few people score 10:  31%
- many people score 10: 37%
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Gs = +.09 Gs controlled for:
- participation rate in voluntary organizations
- percentage scoring 10 on both life satisfaction and job-satisfaction
- support for the view that singles are less happy