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Correlational findings

Study Winkelmann & Winkelmann (1998): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public:
20-64 aged males, Germany, followed 6 years, 1984-1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4183
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Falling into unemployment
Our Classification
Operationalization
Change in happiness following change in labour force status:
0 Employed
1 Unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d LRCD = -.96 p < .00 LRCD -.96 means that unemployment lowers the probability of being happy (>7) with approximately 23,9 %

Probability of being happy is higher for the years 1984-1986 (-22.5 %) and lower when satisfied is defined as happiness<4 (-29,5 %)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d LRCD = -1.1 p < .00 age<29

LRCD -1,12 means that unemployment lowers the probability of being happy (>7) with approximately 28,0 %
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d LRCD = -.92 p < .00 age>29 and age <49

LRCD -.92 means only that unemployment lowers the probability of being happy (>7) with approximately 23,1 %
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d LRCD = -.72 p < .01 age<49

LRCD -.72 means that unemployment lowers the probability of being satisfied (>7) with approximately 18,0 %

LRCD's controlled for:
- being out of labour force
- duration of unemployment
- duration squared
- marital status
- good health condition
- age
- age squared
- household income

LRCD's denote that falling into unemployment goes with a lower probability of being happy. The difference is lower among the young (age<29) than the old.