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Correlational findings

Study Winkelmann & Winkelmann (1998): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public:
20-64 aged males, Germany, followed 6 years, 1984-1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4183
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Labour market status
Our Classification
Operationalization
Registration in the official unemployment register:

A Employed (including fulltime & parttime employment and excuding self-employment)
B Out of labour force
C Unemployed
D Employed with unemployment experience: unemployed in at least one of the other years.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = All
Year   N      Mean  CI95
1984   4183   7,4   [7,37 7,50]
1985   3658   7,2   [7,17 7,30]
1986   3416   7,3   [7,22 7,35]
1987   3410   7,2   [7,12 7,25]
1988   3197   7,1   [7,02 7,15]
1989   3080   7,1   [7,06 7,19]

Employed
Year   N      Mean  CI95
1984   3530   7,6   [7,58 7,70]
1985   3043   7,4   [7,36 7,48]
1986   2856   7,5   [7,39 7,52]
1987   2858   7,3   [7,25 7,38]
1988   2661   7,2   [7,16 7,29]
1989   2563   7,3   [7,19 7,32]

Out of Labour Force
Year   N     Mean  CI95
1984   445   6,7   [6,45  6,92]
1985   382   6,9   [6,67  7,11]
1986   385   6,8   [6,62  7,06]
1987   370   6,9   [6,66  7,09]
1988   347   6,7   [6,44  6,89]
1989   392   6,7   [6,50  6,94]

Unemployed
Year   N     Mean  CI95
1984   208   5,6   [5,20  5,98]
1985   233   5,3   [4,96  5,64]
1986   175   5,4   [5,06  5,75]
1987   182   5,7   [5,36  6,09]
1988   189   5,9   [5,57  5,90]
1989   125   5,8   [5,34  6,25]

Employed with unemployment experience
Year   N     Mean  CI95
1984   248   7,3   [7,00  7,57]
1985   206   7,1   [6,83  7,39]
1986   226   6,9   [6,63  7,17]
1987   218   6,9   [6,66  7,20]
1988   200   7,0   [6,71  7,26]
1989   207   6,9   [6,67  7,19]