Correlational findings

Study Inglehart (1994): study ZZ 1990

18+ aged, general public, 43 nations, 1990-1991
N = 56292
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Postmaterialist values
Our Classification
Data: WVS 1990 codebook
Index based on 12 items in the Materialist (M)/Postmaterialist(P) values battery of questions:

1. A high level of economic growth (M)
2. Making sure this country has strong defence forces (M)
3. Seeing that people have more to say about how things are done at their jobs and in their communities (P)
4. Trying to make our cities and countryside more beautiful(P)

5. Maintaining order in the nation(M)
6. Giving people more say in important government decisions (P)
7. Fighting rising prices(M)
8. Protecting freedom of speech (P)

9. A stable economy (M)
10. Progress toward a less impersonal and more humane society (P)
11.Progress toward a society in which ideas count more than money (P)
12. The fight against crime (M)

The total number of Postmaterialist items (P) that were given high priority are summed. (i.e., ranked as either first or second most important in its group of four items). Accordingly, scores range from zero (none of the five Postmaterialist items was given high priority) to five (all five of the Postmaterialist items were given high priority).(range = 0 - 5)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.58 O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-a r = +.68 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +.71 All correlations with average happiness in nation (N=43)