print

Correlational findings

Study Gerlach & Stephan (1996): study XZ Germany West 1984

Public
16-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed from 1984 to1993
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Labor market position
Our Classification
Remarks
The relatively large numbers of younger and older women and men not in the labor force are a result of younger persons still attending school and senior people opting for retirement. Since interviews are performed annually, longer spells of employment and unemployment are over-represented in the sample.
Distribution
N =  54066, A: 28683, B: 4871, C: 18096 D: 2362
Operationalization
A Full-time employed
B Part-time employed
C Not in the labor force
D Unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = Females: age   <30        30-49       >49    
              M    SD    M    SD    M    SD
full-time     7,5  1,7   7,2  1,8   7,3  1,7
part-time     7,2  1,7   7,4  1,7   7,2  1,7
not in force  7,3  1,8   7,3  1,9   7,3  2,1
unemployed    6,4  2,3   6,2  2,4   6,6  2,1
all           7,3  1,8   7,2  1,8   7,3  1,9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = Males: age     <30        30-49       >49    
              M    SD    M    SD    M    SD
full-time     7,4  1,7   7,3  1,6   7,4  1,7
part-time     6,8  1,9   7,0  2,0   7,4  1,7
not in force  7,4  1,7   5,7  2,4   7,2  2,1
unemployed    5,7  2,5   5,3  2,5   6,5  2,4
all           7,3  1,8   7,2  1,8   7,3  1,9