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Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1988): study ZZ Developed nations 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 15 developed nations, 1981-82
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
National pride
Our Classification
Operationalization

Single question:
"Are you proud of nationality?"        
3 very proud
2 fairly proud
1 not very proud/not at all proud

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa G = +.19 p < .01
All 18+ aged
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa tc = +.14 p < .01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa G = +.23 p < .01
Young only(>30)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa tc = +.17 p < .01