Findings on happiness in Bradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962 /1

Author(s)Bradburn, N.M.; Caplovitz, D.
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdults, general public, 2 towns, prosperous and depressed, Illinois, USA, 1962/3 - 1962/10
Collect period3-10
 T1: March, T2: October
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage samples
Respondents N =547
Non Response?
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksRe-interview of subjects of BRADB, 1965/1 study half a year later, during the Cuban missile crisis.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Error estimatesReliability: Retest after 8 months: r = +.48
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.641.65

Scores in123

Full textSelfreport on 9 questions: We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week. How often last week did you feel .....? A On the top of the world B Very lonely or remote from other people C Particularly excited or interested in something D Depressed or very unhappy E Pleased about having accomplished something F Bored G Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why Answer options: 0 not at all 1 once 2 several times 3 often Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -15 tot +12 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelAffect Balance
RemarksAffect balance : 13% more positive than negative affects, 32% as many positive and negative affects, 37% more negative than positive affects
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence (on the basis of the responses of the males who were personally interviewed; N = 393): - positive items : r ranging from +.26 to +.47 - negative items : r ranging from +.31 to +.54 - positive x negative items : r ranging from -.19 to +.11 - positive affect score x negative affect score : r = .07 (ns) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Affect BalanceH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
HappinessH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Living in a period of national crisisW01aa02Change in involvement with war
Living in a period of national crisisL06adClimate of change, also classified as above ↑
Living in a period of national crisisE03ab01aaTrend average happiness in cities/regions, also classified as above ↑