Findings on happiness in Beiser (1974): study CA 1963

Author(s)Beiser, M.
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
 1963 - 1968
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability sample stratified by sex, age, socio-environmental circumstances and mental health (as rated by 2 psychiatrists).
Respondents N =112
Non Response10%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Unstructured and structured interview. Ratings by a psychiatrists.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past few months, have you ever felt..... A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G Depressed or very unhappy? H That things were going your way? I Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: 3 often 2 sometimes 1 never Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -15 to +12 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: common variance: 18.5% for index of positive affects and 19.9% for index of negative affects positive affect score x negative affect score: r = -.13 (ns). Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelGeneral well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Having hobbiesI05abCurrent interests
Having hobbiesL03ac02eHobbies, also classified as above ↑
Interpersonal reactivityI07ad01Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Interpersonal reactivityP05cySociable, also classified as above ↑
Long-term satisfact-ionL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life
Long-term satisfact-ionP08ab01Planning mindedness, also classified as above ↑
Material style of lifeP12ab01Total wealth
Negative affectM15ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Pleasure involvementM15ac04aFeeling elated (vs not)
Psychiatric "Case- ness"H13ab01Expert ratings of mental health
Psycho-physiological conditionH15ab01Current physical complaints
Role related planning abilitiesP08ab02Planning ability
Socially participant behaviorS07abCurrent organizational participation