Findings on happiness in McLanahan & Adams (1989): study US 1957

Author(s)McLanahan, S.S.; Adams, J.
TitleThe Effect of Children on Adults Psychological Well-Being 1957 - 1976.
SourceSocial Forces, 1989, Vol. 68, 124 - 146
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1957-1976
Survey nameNot available
 Americans View their Mental Health Surveys.
SampleNot available
 Probability area multistage samples.
Respondents N =4664
Non Response 30%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksSame studies also reported in GURIN 1960 and VEROF 1981
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
RemarksRange 0-1 (1= very happy: 0= pretty happy, not too happy). 1957: M=0.36 1976: M=0.32 See VEROF 1981 for distribution on range 1-3
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Empty nestC03aa02cLeaving home of children (empty nest)
ParenthoodC03abCurrent parental status
SchoolkidsC04ab01Age of children
Young kidsC04ab01Age of children