Findings on happiness in Kammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1

Publication
Author(s)Kammann, R.; Flett, R.
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Random telephone directory addresses as geographic starting points for obtaining six respondents from six households by forced choice rules to avoid immediate neighbors.
Respondents N =112
Non Response52%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Administered at home
General remarksDunedin is an industrial harbourside and university city with a population close to 100,000 on the South Island of New Zealand, and is an homogeneous community consisting premarily of European decendants with ver small percentages of Maori, Polenesian, Chinese and other ethnic minorities.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 40 questions: Over this time period (the last few weeks) I have had the feeling described by: A My life is on the right track B I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be C I feel I can do whatever I want to D I think clearly and creatively E I feel like a failure F Nothing seems very much fun any more G I like myself H I can't be bothered doing anything I I feel close to people around me J I feel as though the best years of my life are over K My future looks good L I have lost interest in other people and don't care about them M I have energy to spare N I smile and laugh a lot O I wish I could change some parts of my life P My thoughts go around in useless circles Q I can handle any problems that come up R My life seems stuck in a rut S I feel loved and trusted T I feel there must be something wrong with me "Over this period (the last few weeks), "how often you felt..." U Satisfied V Lonely W Free-and-easy X Clear-headed Y Helpless Z Impatient AA Useful AB Depressed AC Loving AD Hopeless AE Optimistic AF Withdrawn AG Enthusiastic AH Good-natured AI Discontented AJ Confused AK Confident AL Tense AM Understood AN Insignificant Answer options; 0 not at all 1 occasionally 2 some of the time 3 often 4 all the time Summation: - Positive Affect score (PAS): mean positive items - Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items - Affect balance score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -4 to +4
ClassificationA-BK-cm-mq-v-5-a
Author's labelAffectometer 2
Remarkstheoretical range -4.00 to + 4.00 M=1.43 Ms'=6.8 SD=1.08 Median 1.6 skewness -1.06 kurtosis .99 "
Error estimatesretest after 2 weeks r=+.83 (N=91) _=.95 at retest after some weeks scores tend to be higher (means sizably higher, SD's slightly)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Mean1.436.80
Standard deviation1.08


Full textSelfreport on single question: "Taking all things together, how would you say you have been this period? Check the phrase that best describes how you have felt." 7 very happy 6 happy 5 somewhat happy 4 mixed (about equally happy and unhappy) 3 somewhat unhappy 2 unhappy 1 very unhappy
ClassificationM-FH-c-sq-v-7-a
Author's label7-step happiness/criterion item
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 96 questions: SENTENCES Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week; A Nothing goes right with me B I feel close to people around me C I feel as though the best years of my life are over D I feel my life is on the right track E I feel loved and trusted F My work gives me a lot of pleasure G I don't like myself H I feel very tense I I feel life isn't worth living J I am content with myself K My past life is filled with failure L Everything I do seems worthwhile M I can't be bothered doing anything N I feel I can do whatever I want to O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about them P Everything is going right for me Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other people R I'm easy going S I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be T I wish I could change some parts of my life U I seem to have no real drive to do anything V The future looks good W I become very lonely X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing Y I feel out of place Z I think clearly and creatively AA I feel alone AB I feel free and easy AC I smile and laugh a lot AD I feel things are going my way AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place AF I feel I've made a mess of things again AG I feel like hiding away AH I feel confident about decisions I make AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason AJ I feel other people like me AK I feel like a failure AL I feel I'm a complete person AM I'm not sure I'm done the wright thing AN My future looks good AO I'm making the most out of my life AP Everything is going right for me AQ I feel unimportant AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile ADJECTIVES Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week; A Confident B Hopeless C Pleasant D Insignificant E Discontented F Healthy G Dejected H Annoyed I Down J Glad K Glowing L Relaxed M Comfortable N Moody O Understood P Blue Q Miserable R Joyful S Tense T Insecure U Shaky V Satisfied W Safe X Successful Y Free Z Sad AA Good-natured AB Impatient AC Rejected AD Lively AE Frustrated AF Fearful AG Lonely AH Warm AI Contented AJ Good AK Secure AL Disappointed AM Understanding AN Depressed AO Low AP Calm AQ Unhappy AR Upset AS Empty AT Enthusiastic AU Happy AV Vibrant Answer options: 0 not at all 1 occasionally 2 some of the time 3 often 4 all of the time Summation: - Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items - Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items - Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range - 4 to +4 Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last week
ClassificationA-BK-cw-mq-v-5-a
Author's labelAffectometer 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole? 7 completely happy 6 5 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 2 1 completely unhappy
ClassificationM-AO-u-sq-f-7-a
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
3-step happinessH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
7-step happinessH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Affect BalanceH07ab02dA-AB by A-AB
CheerfullE05ab01bLaughing often
CirclesH07ab03bA-AB by C-BW
Elation-DepressionM14ab02Mood during the day of interview
FacesH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Felt best years are overH04aa04Expected level of happiness (period unspecified)
Felt best years are overM14ac04cFeeling hopeless (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Felt capableM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt clear and creativeM14ac03Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Felt clear and creativeC12ab03Self-perceived creativeness, also classified as above ↑
Felt clear and creativeI03ab03Self-perceived intelligence, also classified as above ↑
Felt clear-headedM14ac03Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Felt clear-headedI03ab03Self-perceived intelligence, also classified as above ↑
Felt close to peopleM14ac05Feeling close (vs remote)
Felt confidentM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt confusedM14ac03Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Felt depressedM14ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Felt discontentedM14ac04dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Felt discontentedH07ab04Hedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Felt downM14ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Felt energeticM14ac06Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Felt enthusiasticM14ac10aFeeling involved (vs detached)
Felt failureM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt freeM14ac07Feeling free (vs restrained)
Felt free and easyM14ac07Feeling free (vs restrained)
Felt future looks goodH19abCurrent hope
Felt future looks goodM14ac04cFeeling hopeless (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Felt good naturedM14ac08Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Felt helplessM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt hopelessM14ac04cFeeling hopeless (vs not)
Felt impatientM14ac15Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Felt insignificantM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt life is stuckL04ac01cDeveloping (vs stagnating)
Felt lonelyM14ac05aFeeling lonely (vs not)
Felt lovedM14ac05bFeeling love (vs not)
Felt lovedL19ab02Love-feelings, also classified as above ↑
Felt lovingM14ac05bFeeling love (vs not)
Felt lovingL19ab02aFeels in love, also classified as above ↑
Felt no interest in other peopleM14ac05cFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Felt not-involvedM14ac10aFeeling involved (vs detached)
Felt optimisticM14ac04cFeeling hopeless (vs not)
Felt positive about selfM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt satisfiedM14ac04dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Felt satisfiedH07ab04Hedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Felt selfdoubtM14ac12Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Felt tenseM14ac15Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Felt that life is on the right trackL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure)
Felt thinking in circlesM14ac03Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Felt understoodM14ac05dFeeling understood (vs not)
Felt understoodI07ac01Opportunities for self-disclosure, also classified as above ↑
Felt understoodP05cvSelf-disclosing, also classified as above ↑
Felt usefullL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
Felt usefullM05ab01Perceived usefullness of one's life, also classified as above ↑
Felt withdrawnM14ac05cFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Index of affectH07aa02pO-sum by A-AB
Index of affectL04ac02aSummed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales), also classified as above ↑
Life-as-a-wholeH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB
Net time happyH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
StressL06ab01bSummed life-events: equal weight
Sum of satisfactionsL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Want life-changeL05ac01aWish to change life
Well-beingH13ac05cNeurotic (f48)
Well-beingH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑