Findings on happiness in Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2

Publication
Author(s)Andrews, F.M.; Withey, S.B.
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
Collect period11
 Data November form 2
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability area sample
 Probability area sample of adults (age 18+) living in non-institutional dwelling units of the 48 coterminous states. The sample is limited to American citizens, and was not tested for representativeness, but no gross biases are expected.
Respondents N =1072
Non Response38%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 using highly structured questionnaires
General remarksSee also US 1972/1, US 1972/2, US 1972/3, US 1972/4, US 1972/5, US 1972/6
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelThree-point happiness (G31)
Page in publication319
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.116.99
Standard deviation0.561.47

Scores in123
%11.067.022.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel how happy you are.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied) 3 mostly 2 unhappy 1 terrible
ClassificationO-HV-u-sq-v-7-b
Author's labelSeven-point happiness (G32)
Page in publication319
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.44
Standard deviation1.09

Scores in1234567
%1.01.03.09.033.040.013.0

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelAffect balance (G37)
Page in publication321
Remarks Affect balance Negative Positive -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 <1% 1% 2% 5% 8% 13% 17% 17% 16% 14% 6%
Error estimatesequivalence: positive affect * negative affect: r=+.01 positive affect * affect balance : r=+.71 negative affect * affect balance : r=-.70
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean1.526.50
Standard deviation2.15


Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSeven-point satisfaction (G29)
Page in publication318
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.447.40
Standard deviation1.171.95

Scores in1234567
%1.01.05.011.024.044.014.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
ClassificationO-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelThree-point satisfaction (G30)
Page in publication318
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.076.91
Standard deviation0.551.66

Scores in123
%12.069.019.0

Full textSelfreport on single question : Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer? Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades) 0 degrees: very cold, negative 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 very warm, positive
ClassificationM-FH-u-sq-t-101-a
Author's labelThermometer (G8)
Page in publication313
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Mean79.177.92
Standard deviation15.261.53

Scores in0123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100
%0.00.00.00.00.01.03.07.027.043.019.0

Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's labelLife 3 (Life 1 + Life 2)
Page in publication311
RemarksCombination of two ratings on 7-step scale results in 14 steps, with the following frequencies 7.0 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 % % % % % % % % % % % % % 5.5 7.4 23.4 17.8 26.4 8.4 6.3 1.7 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.2
Error estimatesReliability: repeat-reliability (correlation between scores on same questions asked twice during the interview): r=+.71 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.307.17
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Affect BalanceH07aa02hO-DT by A-AB
Affect BalanceH07aa02lO-further by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Affect BalanceH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Affect BalanceH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Amount of worryingW07ab01Amount of worrying
Delighted Terrible lifeH07aa01lO-DT by O-DT
Delighted Terrible lifeI06ab01Sequence of items, also classified as above ↑
Explained variance in feelings about life as a wholeL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Family life cycleC03abCurrent parental status
Family life cycleF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleA04aa02Stage of life, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeH07aa01nO-DT by O-further
Feeling warm about lifeH07aa02lO-further by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeH07aa01eO-HL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeH07aa01jO-SL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeL04ac01Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life), also classified as above ↑
HappinessH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
HappinessH07aa01eO-HL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
HappinessH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL, also classified as above ↑
HappinessH07aa01cO-HL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
HappinessH07aa01aO-HL by O-HL, also classified as above ↑
HappinessH07aa01hO-SL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Overall happinessH07aa02hO-DT by A-AB
Overall happinessH07aa01nO-DT by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessH07aa01cO-HL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessH07aa01hO-SL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Satisafction with house, apartmentH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with activities with familyF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersP10acAttitudes to own popularity
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersS02ag03Attitudes to own reputation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersN08ac02Satisfaction with respect for rights, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with amount of funL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with amount of sleepS04ac01Satisfaction with amount of sleep
Satisfaction with amount of time doing things one likesL03ad03aSatisfaction with time for leisure
Satisfaction with chances for relaxationL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with chances of getting a good jobE02ag03Perceived chances for employment
Satisfaction with chances to enjoy pleasant thingsL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with cost of livingN04ad02Satisfaction with costs of living in nation
Satisfaction with family agreement on spendingF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with friendsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with goods and services available in areaL12ac02aaSatisfaction with medical services
Satisfaction with health, physical conditionH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with house, apartmentH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with houseworkW05ad03aSatisfaction with home-making
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with life as a whole_AH07aa01gO-SL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_BH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_BH07aa01aO-HL by O-HL, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life as a whole_BH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life as a whole_CH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB
Satisfaction with life as a whole_DH07aa01gO-SL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_EH07aa01jO-SL by O-further
Satisfaction with life as a whole_FH07aa01hO-SL by O-DT
Satisfaction with life as a whole_GH07aa01hO-SL by O-DT
Satisfaction with life as a whole_HH07aa01jO-SL by O-further
Satisfaction with life as a whole_IH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL
Satisfaction with local governmentP09ag01bAttitudes to local government
Satisfaction with material standard of livingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with mediaN02ac02Satisfaction with media
Satisfaction with national governmentP09ag01aAttitudes to national government
Satisfaction with nearby places of recreation and sportsL12ac02acSatisfaction with local recreation
Satisfaction with neighborhoodL16ac03Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with one's creativityS02ae01aSatisfaction with own abilities
Satisfaction with oneselfS02ae01aSatisfaction with own abilities
Satisfaction with opportunity to change thingsL04ac01bIn control (vs drifting)
Satisfaction with opportunity to change thingsF05ac03Satisfaction with opportunity to change things, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with own family lifeF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with privacyH20ad02Attitude to privacy
Satisfaction with reliability of othersN02ac01Satisfaction with moral climate
Satisfaction with respect for rights by othersN08ac02Satisfaction with respect for rights
Satisfaction with security from theftL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in community
Satisfaction with sex lifeS03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life
Satisfaction with spare time activitiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyV03abAttitudes to value-climate
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyA06abCurrent anomy, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyN02ac01Satisfaction with moral climate , also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with the way young peoplethink and actN01ac02Satisfaction with compatriots
Social economic statusS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Social economic statusS05ab02aOver/under-achievement, also classified as above ↑
Social economic statusS09acStatus consistency, also classified as above ↑
White raceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
Wish to change lifeL05ac01aWish to change life