Findings on happiness in Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1

Publication
Author(s)Andrews, F.M.; Withey, S.B.
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Collect period7
 See also US 1972/1, US 1972/2, US 1972/3, US 1972/4, US 1972/5, US 1972/6
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample of adults (age 18+) living in non-institutional dwelling units of the 48 coterminous states. The sample is limited to American citizens, and was not tested for representativeness, but no gross biases are expected.
Respondents N =222
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Using highly structured questionnaires.
General remarksSee also US 1973, US 1973/2, US 1972/3, US 1972/4, US 1972/5, US 1972/6
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
ClassificationO-DT-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelLife1 (+ Life2 and Life4) (G1-G2-G4)
Page in publication66
Error estimatesReliability: repeat-reliability (correlation between scores on same questions asked twice during the interview) between Life1 and Life2: r=+.60 repeat-reliability between Life1 and Life3: r=+.60 repeat-reliability between Life2 and Life3: r=+.60 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.317.18
Standard deviation1.061.76

Scores in1234567
%0.03.03.010.036.040.08.0

Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's labelLife3 (G3)
Page in publication66
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole? 7 completely happy 6 5 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 2 1 completely unhappy
ClassificationM-AO-u-sq-f-7-a
Author's labelFaces (G5)
Page in publication66
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.747.90
Standard deviation0.99

Scores in1234567
%0.02.01.04.027.046.020.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: "Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?" [ 9 ] best life you might expect to have [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
ClassificationC-BW-cy-sq-l-9-a
Author's labelLadder (G6)
Page in publication66
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Mean6.136.40
Standard deviation1.50

Scores in123456789
%1.02.03.04.018.029.029.010.04.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: "Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?" (circles not reproduced here ) 8 + + + + + + + + 7 + + + + + + + - 6 + + + + + + - - 5 + + + + + - - - 4 + + + + - - - - 3 + + + - - - - - 2 + + - - - - - - 2 + - - - - - - - 0 - - - - - - - - Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
ClassificationO-GBB-u-sq-c-9-a
Author's labelCircles: whole life (G7)
Page in publication66
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 8On range 0 - 10
Mean5.747.20
Standard deviation1.18

Scores in012345678
%0.01.00.02.010.025.035.024.03.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelThree-point happiness (G31)
Page in publication68
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel how happy you are.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied) 3 mostly 2 unhappy 1 terrible
ClassificationO-HV-u-sq-v-7-b
Author's labelSeven-point happiness (G32)
Page in publication68
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelAffect balance (G37)
Page in publication68
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question Think back over what your life has been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try to remember some of the specific things that happened to you, or which you did during this period. Your answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of that time did you feel delighted about your life as a whole?...pleased...most- ly satisfied...mixed - about equally satisfied and disatisfied...mostly dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible.. Measure: number of weeks felt unhappy
ClassificationM-TH-cm-sq-th%-10-a
Author's labelWeeks delighted(G18)
Page in publication67
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Weeks unhappy_BH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Ableness in lifeP05avEfficacious, productive
Ableness in lifeL04ac01bIn control (vs drifting), also classified as above ↑
Affect balance_AH07ab03bA-AB by C-BW
Affect balance_BH07aa02lO-further by A-AB
Affect balance_CH07aa02hO-DT by A-AB
Affect balance_DH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
Affect balance_EH07aa02lO-further by A-AB
Affect balance_FH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Amount of bad parts of life: Number of minusesL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Amount of change in feelings about lifeH04aa02cPerceived stability of feelings about life
Amount of good parts of life: Number of plusesL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Amount of neutral parts of life: Number of neutralsL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Contentment with lifeL04ac01gGratifying (vs frustrating)
Contentment with lifeL04ac01rVaried, also classified as above ↑
Expected change in happiness: Future progressH04aa04aIn the near future (up to 5 years)
Expected change in happiness: Progress:past&futureH04aa04aIn the near future (up to 5 years)
Expected happiness Ladder: 5 years henceH04aa03aIn the near future (up to 5 years)
Feeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_BH07aa04lO-further by M-AO
Feeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_BH07aa04aO-HL by M-AO
Feeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_CH07aa04jO-DT by M-AO
Feeling about life as a whole: Faces: whole life_DH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Feeling about life as a whole: Faces: whole life_EH07ac04bC-BW by M-AO
Feeling about life compared to othersH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness
Feelings about the good parts of life: Good partsL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Feelings about the poor aspects of life: Bad partsL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Happiness compared to others Circles: R-othersH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness
Happiness relative to neighborH08acAttitudes to happiness of others
Happiness relative to neighborH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness, also classified as above ↑
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness _DH07aa01eO-HL by O-further
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness_AH07aa04lO-further by M-AO
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness_BH07aa01nO-DT by O-further
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness_CH07aa02lO-further by A-AB
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness_EH07aa03nO-further by C-BW
Happiness: Seven-pt. happiness_FH07aa01qO-further by O-further
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_AH07aa04aO-HL by M-AO
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_CH07aa01cO-HL by O-DT
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_CI06ab01Sequence of items, also classified as above ↑
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_DH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_EH07aa01aO-HL by O-HL
Happiness: Three-pt. happiness_FH07aa01eO-HL by O-further
Happiness:Three-pt. happiness_BH07aa03aO-HL by C-BW
Highest happiness in past year Ladder: bestH04aa01dExtremes of happiness experienced
Idealness of lifeL04ac01iIdeal (vs intolerable)
Interestingness of lifeL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Interestingness of lifeL04ac01jInteresting (vs boring), also classified as above ↑
Joy in lifeL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Lowest happiness in the past year Ladder: worstH04aa01dExtremes of happiness experienced
Overall happiness Circles: whole life _CH07aa04lO-further by M-AO
Overall happiness Circles: whole life_AH07aa01nO-DT by O-further
Overall happiness Circles: whole life_BH07aa01eO-HL by O-further
Overall happiness Circles: whole life_DH07aa02lO-further by A-AB
Overall happiness Circles: whole life_EH07aa03nO-further by C-BW
Overall happiness Circles: whole life_FH07aa01eO-HL by O-further
Overall happiness Ladder: most_AH07ab03bA-AB by C-BW
Overall happiness Ladder: most_BH07aa03nO-further by C-BW
Overall happiness Ladder: most_CH07aa03aO-HL by C-BW
Overall happiness Ladder: most_DH07ac04bC-BW by M-AO
Overall happiness : Ladder: most ( E )H07aa03iO-DT by C-BW
Overall happiness_AH07aa03iO-DT by C-BW
Overall happiness_BH07aa01cO-HL by O-DT
Overall happiness_CH07aa01cO-HL by O-DT
Overall happiness_DH07aa04jO-DT by M-AO
Overall happiness_EH07aa02hO-DT by A-AB
Overall happiness_FH07aa01nO-DT by O-further
Past change in happiness Past progressH04aa02aRecent change
Past happiness Ladder: 5 years agoH04aa01aIn recent past
Perceived happiness of others Circles: othersH11ab03aPerceived level of happiness of compatriots
Perceived overall happiness of othersH11ab03aPerceived level of happiness of compatriots
Perceived overall life quality compared to compatriotsH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness
Perceived overall life quality compared to othersH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness
Recent happinessH04aa01aIn recent past
Rewardingness of lifeL04ac01gGratifying (vs frustrating)
Satisfaction with accomplishmentL07ac03bRealization of employment goals
Satisfaction with accomplishmentS02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with accomplishmentL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with admiration and acceptance by othersP10acAttitudes to own popularity
Satisfaction with admiration and acceptance by othersS02ag03Attitudes to own reputation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with agreement in familyF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with amount of beautyL04ac01jInteresting (vs boring)
Satisfaction with amount of funL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with amount of imaginationL04ac01jInteresting (vs boring)
Satisfaction with amount of sleepS04ac01Satisfaction with amount of sleep
Satisfaction with beneficienceS02ae02aSatisfaction with contributions to others
Satisfaction with chances of getting a good jobE02ag03Perceived chances for employment
Satisfaction with childrenC01ad01Attitudes to one's own children
Satisfaction with close adult relativesF03ac03Satisfaction with close adult relatives
Satisfaction with contribution to others lifeL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
Satisfaction with contribution to others lifeS02ae02aSatisfaction with contributions to others, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with contribution to others lifeM05acSatisfaction with meaning, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with familyF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with freedom from botherL04ac01dEasy (vs hard)
Satisfaction with friendsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with health and amount ofphysical workH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with health and amount ofphysical workA02ad04gSatisfaction with physical activity, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with house, appartmentH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with houseworkW05ad03aSatisfaction with home-making
Satisfaction with income and financial securityI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
Satisfaction with independenceF05ac02Satisfaction with freedom
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with leisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with local governmentP09ag01bAttitudes to local government
Satisfaction with marriage and family lifeF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with marriage and family lifeM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with mediaN02ac02Satisfaction with media
Satisfaction with mobilityL12ac02ahSatisfaction with local transport facilities
Satisfaction with national governmentP09ag01aAttitudes to national government
Satisfaction with natural environmentL14ac02Attitude to local natural environment
Satisfaction with neatnessL12ac02agSatisfaction with neatness of local streets
Satisfaction with neighborhoodL16ac03Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with one's creativityS02ae01bSatisfaction with own coping
Satisfaction with one's creativityS02ae01cSatisfaction with own creativeness, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with one's dependability and sincerityS02ae01eSatisfaction with own morality
Satisfaction with oppertunity to change thingsF05ac03Satisfaction with opportunity to change things
Satisfaction with physical needs metI01af05fSatisfaction with physical needs met
Satisfaction with privacyH20ad02Attitude to privacy
Satisfaction with privacyL04ac01rVaried, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with reliability of othersN02ac01Satisfaction with moral climate
Satisfaction with religious faithR10af03Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with respect from othersP10acAttitudes to own popularity
Satisfaction with respect from othersN08ac02Satisfaction with respect for rights, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with safetyV06adAttitudes to victimization
Satisfaction with safetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in community, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with school facilities in the areaL12ac02aeSatisfaction with local schools
Satisfaction with school facilities in the areaS01ae05aSatisfaction with school-facilities, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with self-adjustmentS02ae01bSatisfaction with own coping
Satisfaction with servicesL12ac02afSatisfaction with local shops
Satisfaction with sex lifeS03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life
Satisfaction with spare time activitiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with sport and recreation facilitiesL12ac02acSatisfaction with local recreation
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyN02ac01Satisfaction with moral climate
Satisfaction with taxesN04ad05Satisfaction with taxes in nation
Satisfaction with the way people over 40 think and actA08abCurrent attitudes
Satisfaction with the way people over 40 think and actN01ac02Satisfaction with compatriots, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with the way young people think and actN01ac02Satisfaction with compatriots
Satisfaction with the weatherL14ac02aAttitude to local climate
Satisfaction with treatment by othersP10acAttitudes to own popularity
Satisfaction with treatment by othersN01ac02Satisfaction with compatriots, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with use of own educationE01ad03Satisfaction with education
SatisfactionsL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Satisfactions with links to the past and traditionsT01ab05Perceived continuity of time
Stability in feelings about lifeH04aa02cPerceived stability of feelings about life
Today's moodM12ab02Mood during the day of interview
Uniqueness of lifeL04ac01qUnique (vs common)
Usefulness of lifeL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
Variation in past happiness Ladder: best-worstH04aa02aRecent change
Variation in past happiness Ladder: best-worstA03ab05Variability of affects, also classified as above ↑
Weeks delighted_AH07ac04bC-BW by M-AO
Weeks delighted_BH07ad04aM-AO by M-AO
Weeks delighted_CH07aa04aO-HL by M-AO
Weeks delighted_DH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Weeks delighted_EH07aa04lO-further by M-AO
Weeks feeling delightedH07aa04kO-DT by M-TH
Weeks unhappyH07aa04kO-DT by M-TH
Weeks unhappy_AH07ad04aM-AO by M-AO
Weeks unhappy_CH07ac04bC-BW by M-AO
Weeks unhappy_DH07aa04aO-HL by M-AO
Weeks unhappy_EH07aa04lO-further by M-AO
Weighted feelings about aspects of lifeL04ac02bGood and bad parts of life
Wish to change lifeL05ac01aWish to change life
WorriesW07ab01Amount of worrying