Findings on happiness in Levin & Taylor (1998): study US 1979

Publication
Author(s)Levin, J.S.; Taylor, R.J.
TitlePanel Analyses of Religious Involvement and Well-Being in African Americans: Contemporaneous vs. Longitudinal Effects.
SourceJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1998, Vol. 37, 695 - 709
Investigation
Public18+ aged Blacks, USA, followed 1979 to 1992
Last assesment1992
 T1: 1979 (wave I), T2: 1992 (Wave IV)
Survey nameNot available
 National Survey of Black Americans (NSBA).
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Sampling was based on the national disrtribution of African Americans from the 1970 Census, and 76 primary sampling units (PSU) were selected for interviewing. After these PSUs were racially stratisfied, smaller geographical clusters were randomly drawn. Professionally trained interviewers visited each cluster and identified all habitable, occupied households using special screening procedures developed to locate African-American homes. One member of each selected household was then chosen for interview.
Respondents N =1988
Non Response32%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you way that you are....? 4 very satisfied 3 somewhat satisfied 2 somewhat dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aa
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication701
RemarksT1 (1979) : M = 3,04 SD = 0,82 T2 (1992) : M = 3,21 SD = 0,76
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Mean3.13
Standard deviation0.79


Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication701
RemarksT1 (1979) : M = 2,13 SD = 0,66 T2 (1992) : M = 2,06 SD = 0,65
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.10
Standard deviation0.66


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Asking for prayerR10ad03Praying
Asking for prayerR10aa02Change in religion
Asking for prayerR10ad03Praying, also classified as above ↑
Church activityR10ad02Participation in church
Church activityR10aa02Change in religion
Church activityR10ad02Participation in church, also classified as above ↑
Church membershipR10ad01Church-member or not
Earlier church membershipR10aa01Earlier religion
Earlier religious attendanceR10aa01Earlier religion
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EmployedE02abCurrent employment status
FemaleG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health satisfactionH14af04Satisfaction with health
Listening to religious TV/RadioR10adCurrent religious practices
Listening to religious TV/RadioL03ac02lTv watching, radio listening, also classified as above ↑
Listening to religious TV/RadioR10aa02Change in religion
Listening to religious TV/RadioL03ac02lTv watching, radio listening, also classified as above ↑
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
PrayerR10ad03Praying
PrayerR10aa02Change in religion
PrayerR10ad03Praying, also classified as above ↑
Reading religious booksR10adCurrent religious practices
Reading religious booksL03ac02hReading, also classified as above ↑
Reading religious booksR10aa02Change in religion
Reading religious booksL03ac02hReading, also classified as above ↑
Religious attendanceR10adCurrent religious practices
SouthernR01ab26Region in USA
Subjective religiosityR10af03Satisfaction with religion
Subjective religiosityR10aa02Change in religion
Subjective religiosityR10af03Satisfaction with religion, also classified as above ↑
UrbanL14ab02bRural vs urban dwelling