Findings on happiness in Hurley & Kwon (2012): study US 2011

Author(s)Hurley, D.B.; Kwon, p.
TitleResults of a Study to Increase Savoring the Moment: Differential Impact on Positive and Negative Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2012, Vol. 13, 579 - 588
PublicStudent participants in a savouring exercise and controls, USA, 2011
 Mean age 19,48; SD = 2.06. 69% female.
Collect period2011
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =193
 At time 1: 315 undergraduate students, 151 in intervention, 164 in control situation. At time 2: 193 students; 94 in interventions, 99 in control condition,. Mean age 19,48; SD = 2.06. 69% female.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 60 questions How well does each of the adjectives below describe how you have felt during the past two weeks? Aa gloomy Ab cross Ac anxious Ad afraid Ae lonely Af dull Ag bored Ah uneasy AI ashamed Aj unlucky Ak feeling hurt Al struggling Am discouraged An everyone is against you Ao no pleasure in anything Ap think you are a failure Aq councience hurts Ar you are getting worse and worse As restless At troubled Au sorrowful Av annoyed Aw impatient Ax repressed, helddown Ay confused Az uncertain Aaa embarassed Aab regretful Aac in physical pain Aad disconterted Aae full of longing Ba free Bb lucky Bc thrilled Bd laughing Be cheerful Bf peaceful Bg exicted Bh safe and secure Bji successful Bj in tune with everything Bk jolly Bl enthusiastic Bm carefree Bn confortable Bo contented Bp amused Bq full of life Br optimistic Bs satisfied Bt life full of interesting things Bu confident Bv things getting better Bw God is behind you Byx life entirely worthwhile By light-hearted Bz everyone is friendly to you Baa things are bound to turn out right Bab full of deep joy Bac everything goes right Bad life goes smoothly Bae your duty well done Baf when tackling something Rating: 1 very slightly 2 3 4 5 extremely Computation: Average positive (B) minus average negative (A) Name: PANAS-X
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Recalling positive events in the past weekH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Recalling positive events in the past weekH16ae02aExercise, also classified as above ↑
Recalling positive events in the past weekH16ae04aMono sort, also classified as above ↑
Recalling positive events in the past weekH16ae05cOn invitation, no pay, also classified as above ↑
Recalling positive events in the past weekH16ad03kdRecal of positive events, also classified as above ↑
Recalling positive events in the past weekH16ae06bSchool, also classified as above ↑