Findings on happiness in Ford et al. (2013): study ZZ Anglo-America 2002

Author(s)Ford, P.A.; Jaceldo-Siegl, K.; Lee, J.W.
TitleIntake of Meditteranean Foods Associated with Positive and Low Negative Affect
SourceJournal of psychosomatic research, 74 (2013) 142 - 148
DOIdoi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.11.002
Public30+ aged, Adventist church atendees, North America 2002-2007
Survey nameNot available
 Adventist Health Study-2
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =9255
 Excluded from this study were those less than 35 years old (132), ethnicities other than Black and White (700), non Seventh Day Adventists (363), current smokers (87), subjects with estimated energy intake less than 500 and more than 4500 kcal a day, and incomplete dietary data (451)
Non Response45%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. As I read each item, I ask that you refer to your response card an d tell me to wgat extent you have felt in that way during the past year : A exited B enthusiastic C alert D inspired E determined F distressed G scared H upset I nervous J ashamed Answer options: 1 not at all 2 a little 3 somewhat 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): F to J Positive affect score (PAS): A to G Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Shortened Watson's PANAS; Kiercher version
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication144,145
RemarksAffect Balance computed by WDH team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
DairyN15ab04What one eats
Fast food frequencyN15ab04What one eats
FishN15ab04What one eats
Fresh fruitsN15ab04What one eats
Fresh vegetablesN15ab04What one eats
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
LegumesN15ab04What one eats
NutsN15ab04What one eats
Olive oilN15ab04What one eats
Processed meatN15ab04What one eats
Red meatN15ab04What one eats
SodaN15ab04What one eats
Sweets and dessertsN15ab04What one eats