Findings on happiness in Layard et al. (2009): study US 1972

Author(s)Layard, R.; Mayraz, G.; Nickell, S.J.
TitleDoes Relative Income Matter? Are the Critics Right?
SourceWorking paper SOEP No. 210, DIW, 2009, Berlin, Germany. (also published in: Diener E.;Helliwell J.E.; Kahneman D.;Eds.: ''International Differences in Well-Being'', Oxford University Press, 2010, 139 - 165)
Public30-55 aged white males, United States, 1972-2006
Last assesment2006
Survey nameUS-GSS
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =14836
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Page in publication3
RemarksTransformed to range 0-10 with: very happy = 10, pretty happy = 5, not too happy = 0
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Average real income per adultI01ae03Relative to nation
Financial situation relative to othersI01aa03Later income
Happiness over timeN02aa01aaTrend in general public
IncomeN02aa01amTrend happiness in income groups
Real income per adultI01ab02Household income
Satisfaction with incomeN08aa02Average satisfaction with finances
Satisfaction with incomeN02aa01aaTrend in general public, also classified as above ↑