Findings on happiness in Wong (1985a): study US 1984

Publication
Author(s)Wong, N.W.
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
Investigation
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
Collect period1-6
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Of 25 contacted organizations in New York, 8 agreed to participate. 3 insurance companies, 4 state agencies and 1 retail organization. Potential repondents (employed with children <16 at home) in each company were invited to take part in the study.
Respondents N =651
 Males=215, Females = 436, Married fathers: 208, Single fathers = 7 (not included in analysis), Married mothers = 287, Single mothers = 149
Non Response59-79%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire returned by intra office mail in a sealed envelope
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication36,51,29
RemarksMarried Fathers M = 2,0 SD = .60 N = 208 Married Mothers M = 1,8 SD = .60 N = 287 Single Mothers M = 1,7 SD = .63 N = 149 Single fathers = 7 (not included in analysis),
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean1.84
Standard deviation


Full textSelfreport on single question: All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole? 1 not at all satisfied 2 not too satisfied 3 very satisfied 4 extremely satisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i
Author's labelGeneral Life Satisfaction
Page in publication36,129
RemarksMarried Fathers M = 3,6 SD = .79 N = 208 Married Mothers M = 3,3 SD = .85 N = 287 Single Mothers M = 3,1 SD = 1,0 N = 149 Single fathers = 7 (not included in analysis),
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Mean3.35
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Family satisfactionC04acAttitudes to characteristics of one's children
Family satisfactionF02ag02Satisfaction with family, also classified as above ↑
Family satisfactionM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage, also classified as above ↑
Family strainF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Job satisfactionW05adCurrent satisfaction with work
Job strainW04ab04Demands in work
Poor Mental HealthH13ab02Self ratings of mental health
Poor Physical HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Resentment from Co-workersW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life
Resentment from Co-workersW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Co-workersS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesP05ajBlaming
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesF03ab02Contacts with relatives, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesF06acCurrent contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesL17ab01bLocal social contacts, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from SupervisorW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life
Resentment from SupervisorW05ad02gSatisfaction with management, also classified as above ↑
Resentment from SupervisorS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Spousal ResentmentP05ajBlaming
Spousal ResentmentW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Spousal ResentmentM04ad01Support by spouse, also classified as above ↑
Spouse SupportS10ab02Sources of current support
Spouse SupportM04ad01Support by spouse, also classified as above ↑
Stress of combining job and parentingC06acAttitudes to parenting
Stress of combining job and parentingL04ag01Life-stress inventories, also classified as above ↑
Stress of combining job and parentingW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Support from Co-workersW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
Support from Co-workersS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Support from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Support from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesF06acCurrent contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
Support from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesL17ab01bLocal social contacts, also classified as above ↑
Support from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Support from Friends, Neighbors and RelativesS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Support from SupervisorW05ad02gSatisfaction with management
Support from SupervisorS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
Working ParentsC03abCurrent parental status
Working ParentsF02ab01Single parent, also classified as above ↑