Findings on happiness in Gurin et al. (1960): study US 1957

Author(s)Gurin, G.; Feld, S.; Veroff, J.
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Collect periodspring
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage area sample. 1077 males, 1383 females; people living in private households only; tran- sients and all individuals in hospitals, prisons or other institutions were excluded.
Respondents N =2460
Non Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview at home
General remarksGammas concerning a number of variables are computed by us on the basis of data not presented in the book but in a 'Tabular Supplement' (available at the authors on request). Same study also reported in VEROF 1980.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.631.65

Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Being a wife of a skilled workerM04ab03eSocial status of spouse
Broken home background (death)F01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Broken home background (separation)F01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Catholic religionR12acCurrent religious denomination
Church attendanceR12ad02Participation in church
Community sizeL13ab02Community size
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Expected future happinessH04aa05bIn the long run
Extent of worriesW07ab01Amount of worrying
Family sizeC03ab02Children in the household
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital happinessM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Married vs divorcedM02aa03Married vs divorced
Married vs never marriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Married vs widowedM02aa02Married vs widowed
Never married vs divorcedM02ab01bVs divorced
Never married vs widowedM02ab01aVs widowed
Number of sources of happiness mentionedH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness
Number of sources of unhappiness mentionedH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness
OccupationO01abCurrent occupation
Perceived sources ofhappinessH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness
Perceived sources ofunhappinessH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness
Readiness for self- referralH13ae01Readiness to seek professional care
Region in USAR01ab26Region in USA
Skilled workersO01ac01bSkill level of occupation
WidowedM02ab02aVs divorced
Wife of skilled workerM04ab03eSocial status of spouse