Findings on happiness in Cantril (1965): study IN 1962

Author(s)Cantril, H.
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
Collect periodsummer
Survey nameCantril World Survey
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Post stratified by dwelling.
Respondents N =2366
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured inyterview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication88, 348
Remarks39% low, 42% medium, 4% high. 'India I' survey held shortly before Sino-Indian border skirmishes on oktober 22th Heavy underrepresentation of women.
DKNA %15.0
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.641.64

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Community sizeL14ab02Community size
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
IncomeS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
OccupationO01abCurrent occupation
Positive evaluation of present national situationN01ab02Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Socio-economic levelS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Urban dwellingL14ab02bRural vs urban dwelling