Findings on happiness in Brulé & Veenhoven (2012): study ZZ Europe 2000

Publication
Author(s)Brulé, G; Veenhoven, R.
TitleWhy are Latin Europeans Less Happy? The Impact of Hierarchy.
SourceCamevacci, M.;Ed.: 2012, "Polyphonic Antroplogy: Theoretical and Emperical"
URLhttp://repup.eur.nl/pub/38195
Investigation
PublicAdults, 6 European nations, 2000-2009
 North Europe: Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden Latin Europe: France, Italy, Spain
Last assesment2009
Survey namePooled surveys
 Taken from World Database of Happiness
SampleVaried Probability
 Probility samples within nations. Non-probability sample of nations
Respondents N =55000
 N is estimated.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Different methods across surveys. Most were conducted face-to-face.
General remarksPooled from different surveys in this period.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Various questions on satisfaction with life as-a-whole, rated on 10 or 11 step numeral scales. 10 step variants stretched to range 0-10
ClassificationO-SLW---sq-nt-11-a
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in publication2
RemarksNorth Europe M=7,9 Latin Europe M=6,9
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 14 questions Did you experience the following feelings during A LOT OF THE DAY yesterday? How about.. A enjoyment? B physical pain C worry D sadness E stress F anger G depression H love Now please think about YESTERDAY, from the morning untill the end of the day. Think of where you were, what you were doing and how you felt. I Did you feel well rested yesterday? J Did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday? K Did you learn or do something interesting yesterday? L Would you like to have more days just like yesterday? M Were you proud of something you did yesterday? N Were you treated with respect all day yesterday? Rated: 1 yes 0 no - no answer, don't know Computation: - Average % positive affect = (A+H+I+J+K+L+M+N)/8 - Average % negative affect = (B+C+D+E+F+G)/6 - Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in agregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.
ClassificationA-AB-yd-mq-v-2-b
Author's labelHedonic level of affect
Page in publication2
RemarksNorth Europe M=58 Latin Europe M=43
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
ClassificationC-BW-c-sq-l-11-c
Author's labelContentment
Page in publication2
RemarksNorth Europe M=4,0 Latin Europe M=3,5
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Approval of hierarchyN02ab01bAverage perceived freedom
Approval of hierarchyN03ab02Birth control in the nation, also classified as above ↑
Approval of hierarchyN14ab01Equality in the nation, also classified as above ↑
Economic prosperityN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw)
Hofstede's Power Distance IndexN14ab01Equality in the nation
Perceived fate control (life)N02ab01bAverage perceived freedom
Perceived fate control (life)N11ab13Modal control belief: internal/external, also classified as above ↑
Perceived fate control (work)N02ab01bAverage perceived freedom
Perceived fate control (work)N02ab01aaAverage satisfaction with job, also classified as above ↑
Perception of hierarchyN02ab01bAverage perceived freedom