Findings on happiness in Cantril (1965): study CU 1960

Author(s)Cantril, H.
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
Collect period4-5
Survey nameCantril World Survey
SampleProbability area sample
 Probability area sample of urban areas (487 Ss from Havana).
Respondents N =992
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured inderview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication128, 366
RemarksData taken from graph on page 128. Books reports average of 6.4 on page 184. 9% low, 43% medium, 45% high.
DKNA %0.5
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.322.32

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Community sizeL14ab02Community size
Community sizeR01ab08Region in Cuba, also classified as above ↑
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Positive evaluation of present national situationN01ab02Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
RaceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
Socio-economic levelS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Urban dwellingL14ab02bRural vs urban dwelling