Findings on happiness in Obucina (2013): study DE 1994

Author(s)Obucina, O.
TitleThe Patterns of Satisfaction Among Immigrants in Germany
Source Social Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 113, 1105 - 1127.
Public18-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1994-2009
Last assesment2009
Survey nameDE-SOEP
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =209989
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication1111
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.821.82

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04aeTime trend of happiness in age categories
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ae04Tenure (vs flex contracts), also classified as above ↑
Foreign-bornM07aa01Ever migrated or not
Household income/1000I01ab03Household income
Housing ownershipH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
MaleG01aaSex (male vs female)
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Number of adultsH20abCurrent household-composition
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of doctor visitsH14abCurrent general health status
Relative deprivationS09adAttitudes to own social status
Relative deprivationI01ae03Relative to nation, also classified as above ↑
Relative deprivationI01af05aSatisfaction with income, also classified as above ↑
Trend in eraE03ab01Trend average happiness in era
West/East GermanyR01ab10Region in Germany
Years of educationE01ab01Years schooling
Years since migrationM07aa02Time since migration