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Studies

Zullig et al. (2006): study US 2003

Publication

Author(s):
Zullig, K.J.; Horn, T.; Ward, R.M.
Title:
The Association between Perceived Spirituality, Religiosity, and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Self-Rated Health.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 2006, Vol.79, 255 - 274

Investigation

Public:
18+aged, university students, USA, 2003
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 459
Non Response:
48%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
By e-mail, anonymous

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

I would describe my satisfaction with my overall life as..
1  terrible
2  unhappy
3  mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed ( equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5  mostly satisfied
6  pleased
7  delighted

Item in Huebner's BMSLSS 'Multidimensional Student Life satisfaction Scale'
Classification:
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e
Author's label:
Overall life-satisfaction
Remarks:
The paper reports a mean of 4,80, based on a 0-6-scale. On scale 1-7 the mean is 5,80.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0.4%,   3: 2.4%,   4: 10.5%,   5: 20.3%,   6: 41.3%,   7: 25.1%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.80 7.92
SD:
1.10 1.75

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Religiosity Self-definition as religious Spirituality Current religious beliefs Self-perceived health Self-perceived health