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Studies

Zhang & Hwang (2007): study RU 1994

Publication

Author(s):
Zhang, X.; Hwang, S.S.
Title:
The Micro Consequences of Macro-Level Social Transition: How did Russians Survive in the 1990s?
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 82, 337 - 360.

Investigation

Public:
Adults, general public, Russia, 1994-2004
Sample:
Probability systematic sample
Respondents:
N = 8439
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

To what extent are you satisfied with your life in general at present?
1  not at all satisfied
2  less than satisfied
3  both yes and no
4  rather satisfied
5  fully satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eb
Author's label:
Life dissatisfaction
Remarks:
Presented as dissatisfaction with life in report. Means reversed by us
1992/94  M=  6.27
    10/95  M=  6.24
    10/96  M=  6.13
    11/98  M=  6.05
    10/00  M=  6.37
Page in publication:
337-360
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.20
SD:
1.10

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Life-satisfaction previous year Recent happiness (< 1 year ago) Income Later level of income working status Later (un)employment Education Later educational level Self-rated health Later physical health Death Longevity (assessed in follow up)