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Studies

Zautra et al. (2005): study US 1999

Publication

Author(s):
Zautra, A.J.; Davis, M.C.; Johnson, L.M.
Title:
Positive Affect as a Source of Resilience for Women in Chronic Pain.
Source:
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2005, Vol. 73, 212 - 220

Investigation

Public:
Female chronic pain patients, Arizona, USA, followed 10 weeks, 200?
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 124
Non Response:
0
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
At home

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past week?:
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): (A to K)/10
Positive affect score   (PAS): (L to T)/10
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past week' version)
Classification:
A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-d
Remarks:
ABS = PA -NA= 1,33 computed by us. PA= 3,04 (3.16*86+2.78*38)/124; NA= 1,71 (1,66*86+1,83*38)/124.
Average of about 9 weekly interviews; extension to 12 weeks to include at least one stressfull week.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.33

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding disease Rheumatism (m00-25)
Chronic pain (z70-76)