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Studies

Zautra (1975): study US Utah 1970

Publication

Author(s):
Zautra, A.J.
Title:
Quality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
Source:
PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 454
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect-Balance score
Page in publication:
42,154
Full text:
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Classification:
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life evaluation
Page in publication:
42,150

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Personal Life Style Evaluation Mixed multiple life-appraisals Evaluation of government Attitudes to government Personal health problems HEALTH: MENTAL
HEALTH: PHYSICAL
Economic Well-Being Attitudes to one's possessions
Attitudes to own income
Attitudes to own resources
Happiness with family life Attitudes to family-life Life Crisis UNCLASSIFIED Short-Term Satisfaction Multiple aspect evaluations of life
Current mood of the moment
Religious Fellowship and Social Participation Current total social participation Self-Activation Household work Work Responsibility Attitudes to own time-behavior
Current concern about work
Family Responsibility Concern about family
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Blaming orientation Blaming
Inner locus of control
Resource Preferences Attitudes to own resources Economic orientation Specific concerns Responsibilty to oneself Responsible