Young (1937a): study US 1934 /1
- Young, P.T.
- Laughing and Weeping, Cheerfulness and Depression: A Study of Moods among College Students.
- Journal of Social Psychology, 1937, Vol. 8, 311 - 334
- College students, psychology course, USA, 1934-35
- N = 56
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Filled out daily during 3,5 weeks.
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on single question, asked twice with an interval of 16 days.
"Consider your experience during the past 24 hours, being as objective and matter-of-fact as possible. Estimate honestly the prevailing or dominant level of your mood, and put a cross through the term which most accurately describes your prevailing feeling".
7 highly elated
6 moderately cheerful
5 mildly cheerful
3 wildly depressed
2 moderately depressed
1 extremely gloomy
Summation: Average of 32 scores.
- Author's label: