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Studies

Young (1937a): study US 1934 /1

Publication

Author(s):
Young, P.T.
Title:
Laughing and Weeping, Cheerfulness and Depression: A Study of Moods among College Students.
Source:
Journal of Social Psychology, 1937, Vol. 8, 311 - 334

Investigation

Public:
College students, psychology course, USA, 1934-35
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 56
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Filled out daily during 3,5 weeks.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, asked twice with an interval of 16 days.

"Consider your experience during the past 24 hours, being as objective and matter-of-fact as possible. Estimate honestly the prevailing or dominant level of your mood, and put a cross through the term which most accurately describes your prevailing feeling".
7  highly elated
6  moderately cheerful
5  mildly cheerful
4  indifferent
3  wildly depressed
2  moderately depressed
1  extremely gloomy


Summation: Average of 32 scores.
Classification:
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-a
Author's label:
Cheerfulness

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mood variability, day to day Variability of affects