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Studies

Yeo et al. (1987): study US 1979

Publication

Author(s):
Yeo, G.; Crapo, L.; Ingram, L.; Skurnick, J.
Title:
Effects of Geriatric Clinic on Functional Health and Well-Being of Elders.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1987, Vol. 42, 252 - 258

Investigation

Public:
65+ aged, patients, ambulatory medical center, followed 18 mth, California, USA, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 139
Non Response:
Refusal 15.91%, unable 6.17%, to 1st question. 11.36%, to 2nd question. 21.43%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Remarks:
Theoretical range: 0 (very unhappy) to 10 (very happy)
T1: M = 7.30  Ms'= 8.65
T2: M = 7.07  Ms'= 8.54
Error estimates:
Reliability: Overtime correlation T1 - T2: geriatric clinic r'=+.34 general clinic r'=.31 Validity:

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Geriatric treatment Illness treated Psychological well-being Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)