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Studies

Wright et al. (2002): study US 1997

Publication

Author(s):
Wright, T.A.; Cropanzano, R.; Denney, P.J.; Moline, G.L.
Title:
When a Happy Worker is a Productive Worker: A Preliminary Examination of Three Models.
Source:
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 2002, Vol. 34, 146 - 150

Investigation

Public:
Public-sector managers, USA, 2002, followed 2 years
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 59
Non Response:
17
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Work performance rated by management.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions:

Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?
A  On top of the world
B  Very lonely or remote from other people
C  Particularly excited or interested in something
D  Pleased about having accomplished something
E  Bored
F  Depressed or very unhappy
G  So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H  Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Reponse options:
0  never
1  sometimes
3  often

Scoring:
PA   =  A+C+D           (range 0-9)
NA   =  B+E+F+G+H  (range 0-15)
ABS =  PA-NA           (range 1-7)

Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
Classification:
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Page in publication:
148
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha: .70
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.40 8.40
SD:
1.50
Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  very much

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-g
Author's label:
positive and negative mood
Remarks:
Positive Affect subscale: M= 3,1
Negtive Affect subscale: M=1,8
Page in publication:
148
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha PAS: .93, NAS .89
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.30
SD:
0.60

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Composite job performance Earlier work-performance
Change in work-performance
Composite job satisfaction Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Positive and negative affectivity (PANAS) Current typical moods