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Studies

Wnuk et al. (2012): study PL 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Wnuk, M.; Fobair, P.; Marcinkowski, J. T.
Title:
The Relationship of Purpose in Life and Hope in Shaping Happiness Among Patients with Cancer.in Poland.
Source:
Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 2010, vol 30, 461 - 483

Investigation

Public:
Cancer out-patients, Warsaw, Poland, 2008
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 50
Non Response:
50%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was preceded (not followed) by questions on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb
Author's label:
Cantril Ladder
Page in publication:
468/9
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.91 -
SD:
2.24 -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking al things together, how would you say things are these days - would you say you are..?
4  very happy
3  pretty happy
2  not too happy
1  unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-o
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
The text of this question reported on page 470 seems to be wrong and does not fit the description in table 2.
Mean transformed from range 0-3 to range 1-4 by WDH team
Page in publication:
Table 2
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 34%,   2: 38%,   3: 24%,   4: 4%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.98 4.41
SD:
0.86 1.74
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life at present?
1  terrible (very dissatisfied)
:
6  delighted (very satisfied)

Labels of intermediate response categories not reported
Classification:
O-DT-c-sq-v-6-a
Author's label:
Evaluation of life as a whole
Remarks:
Rated on range 0-5, changed by WDH team to range1-6
Page in publication:
468-9
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.98 -
SD:
1.15 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Purpose in life Purpose In Life test (Crumbauch) Hope Life-adjustment inventories Desire for life Desire for life Passion for life Exiting (vs dull) Happiness in recent days O-HL by C-BW
O-HL by O-DT
Past satisfaction with life In recent past Anticipated satisfactionb with life In the near future (up to 5 years) Duration time of disease Time since falling ill Duration time of treatment Time since start of treatment Number of friends Total number of intimate ties Feeling of being loved Feels loved Feeling of being lonely Feeling lonely (vs not) Psychological support offered on past and present Earlier availability of psychological treatment
Availability of psychological treatment
Education Years schooling Age Current age (in years) Evaluation of current life O-HL by O-DT
O-DT by C-BW