Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
- Wessman, A.E.; Ricks, D.F.
- Mood and Personality.
- Holt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
- Female college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
- N = 21
- Non Response:
Mood diary kept 30 days.
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
- Author's label:
- Hedonic level
- Observed distribution
- Summary Statistics
- On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
- 6.14 5.70
- 0.98 -