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Studies

Welsch (2006): study ZZ EU 10 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Welsch, H.
Title:
Environment and Happiness: Valuation of Air Pollution using Life Satisfaction Data.
Source:
Ecological Economics, 2006, Vol. 58, 801 - 813

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged, general public 10 EU nations 1990-1997
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 240000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single  question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4  very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
2  not very satisfied
1  not at all satisfied
-  Don't know
Classification:
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
life satisfaction
Page in publication:
804, 811
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.10
SD:
0.34

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding National income Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc) Current air pollution in nation Environmental quality Change air pollution in nation Environmental quality