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Studies

Welsch (2002): study ZZ World samples 2000

Publication

Author(s):
Welsch, H.
Title:
Freedom and Rationality as Predictors of Cross-National Happiness. Patterns: The Role of Income as a Mediating Variable.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2003, vol. 4, 295 - 321

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 54 countries, 2000
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 4
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 55000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
299
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.76
SD:
0.32

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Political freedom Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
Freedom in nations
Rationality (Number of scientists and engineers per capita) Specialization in nation
Literacy in nation
Income Gnp per capita (raw)