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Studies

Washburne (1941): study US 1939

Publication

Author(s):
Washburne, J.N.
Title:
Factors Related to Social Adjustment of College Girls.
Source:
Journal of Social Psychology. 1941, Vol. 13, 281 - 289

Investigation

Public:
Female college students, New York, USA, 194?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 238
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
And intelligence test

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on multiple questions:

Questions indicated both happiness and a sense of contentment and well-being  (Full questions not reported)

Summation: not reported

Name: `Happiness subtest' of Washburn's `Social Adjustment Scale'.
Classification:
M-CO-?-?q-?-0-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence: reliability coefficient for the happiness subtest of at least .80 Validity: Each item shows a difference of at least 2.5 times the probable error of the difference between the answers of well-adjusted and maladjusted groups. These groups were selected by 3 competent judges and the individuals in them were paired for age, grade, sex and intelligence.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Intelligence Test-intelligence Being a freshman Current stage in school-career High educational status of father Parents education
'Objective' socio-economic status
Parents are living together Number of parents (broken home) Campus activity level Leisure activity level Home background Rural upbringing Participating in church activities Participation in church Sorority membership Membership of voluntary organizations Playing sports Active involvement in sports Having outside work (for board, room, pay) Working of students