print

Studies

Warr (1978): study GB 1976

Publication

Author(s):
Warr, P.
Title:
A Study of Psychological Well-Being.
Source:
The British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121

Investigation

Public:
Steel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1655
Non Response:
9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured interview at home

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1  unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7  happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-a
Author's label:
Present Life (PL 11)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.89 8.20
SD:
1.48
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases we would like you to use to describe how you feel about your present life.....
1 unsuccessful                                              
2
3
4
5
6
7  successful

Item in: Campbell's Semantic Differential Scale
Classification:
M-CO-c-sq-n-7-a
Author's label:
Present Life (PL 9)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.95 6.60
SD:
1.68

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Positive affect Feeling elated (vs not) Negative affect Feeling down (vs not) Anxiety about money Worrying about money Anxiety about debts Attitudes to one's possessions Anxiety about neighbours Concern about personal contacts Anxiety about health Concerns about health Anxiety about family Concern about family Anxiety about job Worries about work Anxiety about world Specific worries Anxiety about growing old Attitude to ageing (getting older) Anxiety about mentalbreakdown Feels close to mental breakdown Anxiety about unemployment Concern about (un)employment Worry in general Amount of worrying Anxieties Specific worries Feelings about present life_A Summed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales) Feelings about present life_B Summed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales) Employment Current employment status