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Studies

Walters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983

Publication

Author(s):
Walters, C.M.; McKenry, P.C.
Title:
Predictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
Source:
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071

Investigation

Public
Employed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
Sample
Probability stratified sample
Respondents
N = 237
Non Response
29%
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

".......describe your present life......."
(Full question not reported)
7   rewarding
6
5
4
3
2
1   disappointing
Classification:
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
Rural   M = 5,36  SD = 1,26;  Urban M = 5,37   SD = 1,14
Page in publication:
1069
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.36 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Rural vs Urban Rural dwelling (vs urban) Job family conflict Role conflict
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Neighbors support Social contacts in vicinity
Current social support received
Reason for working Reasons for working Children's support Working mother
Amount of current support received
Sources of current support
Perceived conflict between work and home life
Support received from children
Expectation of working Aspirations for employment Role model of working mother Working mother non traditional sex role attitudes Gender-role attitudes higher levels of education and training Level of school-education Presence of female friends at the place of employment Current characteristics of friends Friendship with women who are also employed outside the home Current characteristics of friends Greater importance attached to employment Attitudes to own (un)employment