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Studies

Verkuyten (1986a): study NL 1984

Publication

Author(s):
Verkuyten, M.
Title:
The Impact of Ethnic and Sex Differences on Happiness among Adolescents in the Netherlands.
Source:
Journal of Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 126, 259 - 260

Investigation

Public:
Adolescents, autochtones and allochtones, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 261
Non Response:
0%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"Above you see a numbered ladder. Consider the top of the ladder as the best possible life and the bottom of the ladder as the worst possible life.
A  Please place an X where you feel you are now.
B  Place an Y at the point where you were five years ago.
C  Please place a Z at the point that you feel you will be at five years from now.
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life

Question A is the case question.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (modified version)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-b
Author's label:
Generalized (life) satisfaction
Error estimates:
Validity:
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Hedonic affect
Error estimates:
Crombachs Alpha: 81

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Hedonic affect A-AB by C-BW Immigrant background Ethnic status in the Netherlands Male sex Sex (male vs female) Length of residence Time since migration