Verkleij & Stolk (1989): study MZ 1983
- Verkleij, H.; Stolk, J.
- Does Happiness Lead into Idleness?
- Veenhoven, R.;Ed.: "How Harmful is Happiness", University Press Rotterdam, 1989, Netherlands, 79 - 93
- 30-50 aged, in working force, followed 1 year, urban areas, Netherlands, 1983-84
- N = 1100
- Non Response:
- T1-T2 attrition: 27%
T1: interview, T2: mailed questionaire
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Error estimates:
- Reliability: retest after 1 yr: r=+.48 (p<001) Validity: