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Studies

Ventegodt (1996): study DK 1993

Publication

Author(s):
Ventegodt, S.
Title:
Liskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
Source:
Forskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark

Investigation

Public:
31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 4611
Non Response:
39%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Single direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5  very good
4  good
3  neither good nor poor
2  poor
1  very poor
Classification:
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
Author's label:
immediate self-experienced well-being
Remarks:
The 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to
cumulative percentages
1 = very poorly   -> 10%
2 = poorly            -> 30%
3 = neither /nor  -> 50%
4 = good              -> 70%
5  = very good   -> 90%
The in this way  transformed mean is 71,9
See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Page in publication:
422
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.7%,   2: 4.6%,   3: 14.3%,   4: 45.3%,   5: 35.1%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.10 7.74
SD:
0.86 2.14
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5  very satisfied
2  satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
Author's label:
life satisfaction
Remarks:


Original text in Danish:
'Hvor tilfreds er du med dit liv for tiden?'
5  meget tilfreds
4  tilfreds
3  hverken tilfreds eller utilfreds
2  utilfreds
1  meget  utilfreds
The 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to cumulative percentages
1 = very poorly   -> 10%
2 = poorly            -> 30%
3 = neither /nor  -> 50%
4 = good              -> 70%
5  = very good   -> 90%
Thus transformed the mean is 69,3
See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Page in publication:
424
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 6.8%,   3: 15.3%,   4: 48.5%,   5: 28.5%   (total 100.1%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.97 7.42
SD:
0.89 2.23
Full text:
Selfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5  very happy
4  happy
3  neither happy nor unhappy
2  unhappy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
Author's label:
happiness
Remarks:
The 5 verbal answer-categories were transformed to
cumulative percentages
1 = very poorly   -> 10%
2 = poorly            -> 30%
3 = neither /nor  -> 50%
4 = good              -> 70%
5  = very good   -> 90%
Thus transformed the mean is 66,2
See Ventegodt, 1995: Measuring the Quality of Life, page 64-67
Page in publication:
426
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.7%,   2: 3.1%,   3: 31.4%,   4: 44.3%,   5: 20.5%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.81 7.02
SD:
0.82 2.04

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding gender Sex (male vs female) height Heigth weight Weight marital status MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS
Married vs never married
Married vs widowed
Married vs divorced
Married vs separated
Still-married vs broken marriage (widowed+separated+divorced)
Married vs will-full unmarried (never married + divorced)
social group 'Objective' socio-economic status family social group SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
UNCLASSIFIED
type of housing Type of current dwelling co-habitants Living alone or not
Living with children
Current household-composition
Children in the household
Non-biological children
Living in communal household
Contacts with relatives
residence (country/town) Community size
Region in Denmark
county of residence Region in Denmark annual income Personal income durable consumer goods Specific possessions assesment of one's financial circumstances Satisfaction with financial situation satisfaction with one's financial circumstances Satisfaction with financial situation attending school or university Intellectual level of school
Current stage in school-career
type of education School-type type of completed vocational education Educational specialization completed vocational education in 4 levels Educational specialization main occupation Current occupation
Full-time home maker
Involved in schooling or not
Current status: retired or not
Welfare
number of subordinates Occupational level
Current leadership behavior
Job type Kind of occupation (profession) management in public/private sphere Private or public sector
Characteristics of current occupation
kind of employment Kind of occupation (profession) meaningful work Satisfaction with aspects of work
Current meaning of life
satisfaction with work Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole feeling good at work Mood during work
Current satisfaction with work
physical work environment Satisfaction with work conditions social work environment Satisfaction with colleagues relations with fellow workers Satisfaction with colleagues with/without children Current parental status
Development of parental status
current employment status Current employment status
Welfare
Private or public sector
meaningful work Meaning career
Current meaning of life
unemployment by years of schooling Current education
Current employment status
unemployment with/without partner/friend Married state (compared to non-married states)
Steady love-relation
Current employment status
(un)employed and satisfaction with sex and daily contacts Satisfaction with sex-life
Current contacts
Current employment status
unemployment with/without meaning in life Current meaning of life
Current employment status
relations with oneself(employed/unemployed) Evaluation of self-as-a-whole rating of one's financial means(unemployed) Satisfaction with financial situation hours of exercise diet Current nutrition acohol consumption Use of alcohol smoking Use of tobacco
Earlier use of stimulants
psychotropic drugs Earlier use of stimulants self-perceived mental health Overall selfestimate of mental health self-perceived physical health Self-perceived health satisfaction with one's own health Satisfaction with health sick days last year Days ill type of health problems Problems with health
Symptoms of bad health
number of health problems Number of health complaints number of severe health problems Number of health complaints medical treatment Currently in treatment or not
Alternative treatment
diseases diagnosis and current diseases(main catagories) Expert rating of health current diseases and conditions Current disease (who icd-10 classification) mental disorders Self ratings of mental health kind of medical treatment Illness treated operation under general anaesthesia Earlier anesthesia
Surgery
bodymass index Weight acceptance of own body Evaluation of aspects of self abortion Earlier abortion
Specific earlier life-events
Earlier abortion
relations with oneself Current self-characterization self-image Current self-characterization view of positive life Psychological-morale inventories
Multiple aspect evaluations of life
loneliness Feeling lonely (vs not) contemplating suicide Suicidal intentions meaning in life Current meaning of life acceptance of one's own body Evaluation of aspects of self problems as challenges Current problems self-confidant Self-confidant
Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
feelings at home Mood at home
Attitudes to household-composition
feelings during leisure Satisfaction with leisure
Mood during leisure
sexual activity Sexual activity satisfaction with one's sexlife Satisfaction with sex-life sexual preferences Sexual preference attractiveness Current self-evaluation
Self-perceived reputation
Attitudes to one's sex-life
Self rating of good looks
sexual problems:having or not Problems with sex sexual problems, kind of Problems with sex having a partner Steady love-relation
Married state (compared to non-married states)
Earlier love-life
Earlier marital states
relations with one's partner Satisfaction with marriage
Perceived quality of intimate ties
relations with one's previous partner Earlier love-life
Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Earlier marriage relationship(s)
Satisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)
satisfaction with one's relationship situation Satisfaction with marriage
Perceived quality of intimate ties
Satisfaction with love-life
length of relationship History of current marriage partner's main occupation Occupation of spouse partners income Income of spouse difference in educational levels(self-partner) Education of spouse having children Current parental status relations with one's children Current relation with one's children satisfaction with one's situation regarding children Satisfaction with parenting childlessness Current parental status
Pregnant
Childlessness voluntary or not
Development of parental status
number of biological children Number of children children living at home Children in the household
Current characteristics of one's children
single breadwinner Married state (compared to non-married states)
Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Full-time home maker
Main breadwinner
type of parents( biological, adoptive) Non-biological child
Family composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
satisfaction with parents Attitudes to family of origin relations with parents Satisfaction with parenting brothers and sisters Characteristics of siblings relations with one's siblings Relations with siblings talk with close friends Current contacts with friends relations with friends Current contacts with friends satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with personal contacts daily personal contacts Perceived opportunities for contacts satisfaction with aquaintances Satisfaction with friends the quality of the social relations Current contacts relations with society Current attitudes to nation satisfaction with society Current attitudes to nation feeling part of a larger whole Feeling part of larger whole believing that people speak well of oneself Self-perceived reputation relations with nature Attitude to local natural environment
Feeling part of larger whole
satisfaction with the local natural environment Attitude to local natural environment values Value set
Specific concerns
"masculine" and "feminine" values" Feminine value pattern materialistic/spiritual values Materialism
Meaning
number of values Value-pattern number of types of values Value-pattern
Modern value pattern
Diversity of values
attitude to the questionaire Respondents attitudes to interview
Questioning
questionaire as fully adequate Respondents attitudes to interview
Questioning
personal resources towards the questionaire Respondents attitudes to interview questionaire's unethical questions Respondents attitudes to interview
Questioning
response time in days Respondent behavior perceived quality of life Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life)
O-QOL by A-AOL
O-HL by O-QOL
O-SL by O-QOL
Feeling good Current mood of the moment
O-HL by A-AOL
O-SL by A-AOL
life satisfaction O-SL by A-AOL
O-HL by O-SL
happiness O-HL by O-SL
O-HL by A-AOL
fulfilment of needs Fulfilled/rewarding (vs frustrating)
Gratifying (vs frustrating)
Aspect judgements of one's life as a whole
feelings at home,at work, at leisure time Family + leisure + work
MOOD
satisfaction with relations Satisfaction with personal contacts expression of life's potentials LIFE GOALS
Later need for self-actualisation
Multiple aspect evaluations of life
objective factors UNCLASSIFIED fulfilment of basic biological needs Fulfilled/rewarding (vs frustrating) fulfilment of social needs Aspect judgements of one's life as a whole fulfiment of need to be useful Satisfaction with contributions to others
Meaningful (vs useless)
fulfilment of the need for an exciting and varied life Exiting (vs dull)
Sensation seeking
fulfilment of the need for self-realization Satisfaction with self-realization
Aspect judgements of one's life as a whole
Self-actualization (need for)
denial of needs Gratifying (vs frustrating)
Aspect judgements of one's life as a whole
physical exercise and health diet and health Current nutrition alcohol consumption and health Use of alcohol smoking and health Use of tobacco healthy lifestyle Current healthy life-style smoking per day (cigarettes equivalents) Use of tobacco
Earlier use of stimulants
with/without partner Steady love-relation
Married state (compared to non-married states)