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Studies

Veenhoven & Ehrhardt (1995): study ZZ World samples 1985

Publication

Author(s):
Veenhoven, R.; Ehrhardt, J.
Title:
The Cross-National Pattern of Happiness.Test of Predictions Implied in Three Theories of Happiness.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 33 - 68

Investigation

Public:
University students, 39 nations around 1985
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 18032
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.63
SD:
0.99
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1  unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7  happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-a
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.81
SD:
1.07

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Nutrition Malnutrition in nation real income per capita Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc) social security Social security in nation gender equality Gender inequality (women emancipation) in nation Income inequality Income inequality in nation freedom of press Freedom of press in nation political democracy Political democracy in nation education Schools in nation
Public education in nation
media attendence Media attendance in narion Explained variance NATION: SOCIETY