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Studies

Veenhoven & Ehrhardt (1995): study ZZ 1980

Publication

Author(s):
Veenhoven, R.; Ehrhardt, J.
Title:
The Cross-National Pattern of Happiness.Test of Predictions Implied in Three Theories of Happiness.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 33 - 68

Investigation

Public:
Adults, general public, 32 countries, around 1980
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 35000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1  unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7  happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-a
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.23
SD:
1.30
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Various questions on overall satisfaction with life as a whole rated on numeral scales.
Scores transformed lineairly to scale 0-10 and next retransformed to range 1-7 e
Classification:
O-SLW---sq-nt-7-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Nutrition Malnutrition in nation real income per capita Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc) Social security Social security in nation gender equality Gender inequality (women emancipation) in nation Income inequality Income inequality in nation Freedom of press Freedom of press in nation Political democracy Political democracy in nation education Schools in nation
Public education in nation
media attendence Media attendance in narion Explained variance NATION: SOCIETY