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Studies

Veenhoven (2001c): study ZZ 1990 /1

Publication

Author(s):
Veenhoven, R.
Title:
What We Know about Happiness.
Source:
Paper presented at the Dialogue on 'Gross National Happiness', 2001, Woudschoten, Zeist, The Netherlands.

Investigation

Public:
Adults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 75000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Income per head: Purchasing power (`real' GNP pc) malnutrition Malnutrition in nation absolute poverrty Poverty in nation murder rate Crime on nation lethal accidents Lethal accidents in nation incidence of corruption Corruption in nation Social security expenditure Social security in nation respect of political rights Political freedom in nation
Human-rights protection in nation
respect of civil rights Political freedom in nation
Human-rights protection in nation
acceptance of divorce Value climate in the nation
Freedom of family in nation
abortion available Value climate in the nation
Birth control in the nation
Freedom of procreation in nation
sterilization available Birth control in the nation
Freedom of procreation in nation
acceptance of homosexuality Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
Acceptance of homo sexuality
Freedom of sex in nation
acceptance of prostitution Value climate in the nation
Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex
Freedom of sex in nation
acceptance of suicide Value climate in the nation
Attitudes to suicide in general
Freedom of suicide in nation
acceptance of euthanasia Value climate in the nation
Freedom of suicide in nation
Self-perceived freedom in life Current absence of restrictions (social freedom)
Amount of restrictions perceived
Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
Self-perceived freedom at work Current absence of restrictions (social freedom)
Amount of restrictions perceived
Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
Self-direction at work
Income-inequality Inequality in nation
Income inequality in nation
Gender-equality Gender inequality (women emancipation) in nation Class-inequality Public education in nation
Inequality in nation
Status differentiation (stratification) in nation
Marriage pattern in nation
% literate Literacy in nation School enrolment ratio Schools in nation
Literacy in nation
Average years in school Literacy in nation Newspapers per capita Media attendance in nation Number of TV-receivers per capita Media attendance in nation Belief in God Religion in nation Religious identification Religion in nation Religious partyicipation Religion in nation Individualism