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Studies

Tsai (2009): study ZZ World samples 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Tsai, M.C.
Title:
Market Openness, Transition Economies and Subjective Wellbeing.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 523 - 539

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, 76 countries, 1990s
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1-3
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 80000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
527
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.83 6.48
SD:
0.80 0.89
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Are you happy or unhappy?
1  unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Originally on a 4 step scale, transformed to range 1-10.
Page in publication:
527
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.54 6.16
SD:
1.15 1.28

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding GNI per capita Gnp per capita (raw) GDP growth rate Economic growth/decline in nation Inflation Inflation in nation Militarism index Defense-spending Latin America dummy Geographic location Openness Economic freedom in nation
Openness of economy in nation
Years of openness Openness of economy in nation Change in openness dummy Openness of economy in nation Eastern Europe dummy Geographic location Average tariff Openness of economy in nation Black market premium Informal economy, black market in nation Export marketing board State control of economy in nation
Openness of economy in nation