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Studies

Timmermans (1997): study NO 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Timmermans, D.
Title:
Correlates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
Source:
No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1239
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
5,2
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.9%,   2: 5.2%,   3: 64.2%,   4: 29.3%   (total 99.6%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.22 7.40
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.5%,   2: 0.6%,   3: 0.8%,   4: 2.2%,   5: 9%,   6: 9.3%,   7: 15.9%,   8: 29.8%,   9: 13.7%,   10: 18.1%   (total 99.9%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.68 7.40
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Remarks:
+5: 8,0%, +4:  20,3%, +3:  24,1%, +2: 17,9%, +1:  12,6%, 0: 6,9%, -1: 4,4%, -2: 2,7%, -3: 0,7%, -4:   0,3%, -5: 0,2%
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.32 7.30

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Membership of volun-tary organizations Membership of voluntary organizations Tolerance Tolerant attitudes Global health rating Global health rating Perceived fate control Inner locus of control Pride in work Pride in work Satisfaction with job Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with financial situation Satisfaction with financial situation Church-member or not Church-member or not Self-definition as religious Self-definition as religious Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with family-life Current marital status MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS Number of children Number of children Children in the household Children in the household Political concern Political concern Male sex Sex (male vs female) Current age Current age (in years) Level of school- education Level of school-education Current Household- composition Current household-composition Current employment status Current employment status Household income Household income